» S3 Storage Backend

The S3 storage backend is used to persist Vault's data in an Amazon S3 bucket.

  • No High Availability – the S3 storage backend does not support high availability.

  • Community Supported – the S3 storage backend is supported by the community. While it has undergone review by HashiCorp employees, they may not be as knowledgeable about the technology. If you encounter problems with them, you may be referred to the original author.

storage "s3" {
  access_key = "abcd1234"
  secret_key = "defg5678"
  bucket     = "my-bucket"
}

» s3 Parameters

  • bucket (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the S3 bucket. This can also be provided via the environment variable AWS_S3_BUCKET.

  • endpoint (string: "") – Specifies an alternative, AWS compatible, S3 endpoint. This can also be provided via the environment variable AWS_S3_ENDPOINT.

  • region (string "us-east-1") – Specifies the AWS region. This can also be provided via the environment variable AWS_REGION or AWS_DEFAULT_REGION, in that order of preference.

The following settings are used for authenticating to AWS. If you are running your Vault server on an EC2 instance, you can also make use of the EC2 instance profile service to provide the credentials Vault will use to make S3 API calls. Leaving the access_key and secret_key fields empty will cause Vault to attempt to retrieve credentials from the AWS metadata service.

  • access_key – Specifies the AWS access key. This can also be provided via the environment variable AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID, AWS credential files, or by IAM role.

  • secret_key – Specifies the AWS secret key. This can also be provided via the environment variable AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY, AWS credential files, or by IAM role.

  • session_token (string: "") – Specifies the AWS session token. This can also be provided via the environment variable AWS_SESSION_TOKEN.

  • max_parallel (string: "128") – Specifies the maximum number of concurrent requests to S3.

  • s3_force_path_style (string: "false") - Specifies whether to use host bucket style domains with the configured endpoint.

  • disable_ssl (string: "false") - Specifies if SSL should be used for the endpoint connection (highly recommended not to disable for production).

  • kms_key_id (string: "") - Specifies the ID or Alias of the KMS key used to encrypt data in the S3 backend. Vault must have kms:Encrypt and kms:Decrypt permissions for this key. You can use alias/aws/s3 to specify the default key for the account.

» s3 Examples

» Default Example

This example shows using Amazon S3 as a storage backend.

storage "s3" {
  access_key = "abcd1234"
  secret_key = "defg5678"
  bucket     = "my-bucket"
}

» S3 KMS Encryption with Default Key

This example shows using Amazon S3 as a storage backend using KMS encryption with the default S3 KMS key for the account.

storage "s3" {
  access_key = "abcd1234"
  secret_key = "defg5678"
  bucket     = "my-bucket"
  kms_key_id = "alias/aws/s3"
}

» S3 KMS Encryption with Custom Key

This example shows using Amazon S3 as a storage backend using KMS encryption with a customer managed KMS key.

storage "s3" {
  access_key = "abcd1234"
  secret_key = "defg5678"
  bucket     = "my-bucket"
  kms_key_id = "001234ac-72d3-9902-a3fc-0123456789ab"
}