» /sys/rekey

The /sys/rekey endpoints are used to rekey the unseal keys for Vault.

On seals that support stored keys (e.g. HSM PKCS11), the recovery key share(s) can be provided to rekey the master key since no unseal keys are available. The secret shares, secret threshold, and stored shares parameters must be set to 1. Upon successful rekey, no split unseal key shares are returned.

» Read Rekey Progress

This endpoint reads the configuration and progress of the current rekey attempt.

Method Path Produces
GET /sys/rekey/init 200 application/json

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/sys/rekey/init

» Sample Response

{
  "started": true,
  "nonce": "2dbd10f1-8528-6246-09e7-82b25b8aba63",
  "t": 3,
  "n": 5,
  "progress": 1,
  "required": 3,
  "pgp_fingerprints": ["abcd1234"],
  "backup": true,
  "verification_required": false
}

If a rekey is started, then n is the new shares to generate and t is the threshold required for the new shares. progress is how many unseal keys have been provided for this rekey, where required must be reached to complete. The nonce for the current rekey operation is also displayed. If PGP keys are being used to encrypt the final shares, the key fingerprints and whether the final keys will be backed up to physical storage will also be displayed. verification_required indicates whether verification was enabled for this operation.

» Start Rekey

This endpoint initializes a new rekey attempt. Only a single rekey attempt can take place at a time, and changing the parameters of a rekey requires canceling and starting a new rekey, which will also provide a new nonce.

Method Path Produces
PUT /sys/rekey/init 204 (empty body)

» Parameters

  • secret_shares (int: <required>) – Specifies the number of shares to split the master key into.

  • secret_threshold (int: <required>) – Specifies the number of shares required to reconstruct the master key. This must be less than or equal to secret_shares.

  • pgp_keys (array<string>: nil) – Specifies an array of PGP public keys used to encrypt the output unseal keys. Ordering is preserved. The keys must be base64-encoded from their original binary representation. The size of this array must be the same as secret_shares.

  • backup (bool: false) – Specifies if using PGP-encrypted keys, whether Vault should also store a plaintext backup of the PGP-encrypted keys at core/unseal-keys-backup in the physical storage backend. These can then be retrieved and removed via the sys/rekey/backup endpoint.

  • require_verification (bool: false) – This turns on verification functionality. When verification is turned on, after successful authorization with the current unseal keys, the new unseal keys are returned but the master key is not actually rotated. The new keys must be provided to authorize the actual rotation of the master key. This ensures that the new keys have been successfully saved and protects against a risk of the keys being lost after rotation but before they can be persisted. This can be used with without pgp_keys, and when used with it, it allows ensuring that the returned keys can be successfully decrypted before committing to the new shares, which the backup functionality does not provide.

» Sample Payload

{
  "secret_shares": 10,
  "secret_threshold": 5
}

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request PUT \
    --data @payload.json \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/sys/rekey/init

» Cancel Rekey

This endpoint cancels any in-progress rekey. This clears the rekey settings as well as any progress made. This must be called to change the parameters of the rekey. Note: verification is still a part of a rekey. If rekeying is canceled during the verification flow, the current unseal keys remain valid.

Method Path Produces
DELETE /sys/rekey/init 204 (empty body)

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request DELETE \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/sys/rekey/init

» Read Backup Key

This endpoint returns the backup copy of PGP-encrypted unseal keys. The returned value is the nonce of the rekey operation and a map of PGP key fingerprint to hex-encoded PGP-encrypted key.

Method Path Produces
GET /sys/rekey/backup 200 application/json

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/sys/rekey/backup

» Sample Response

{
  "nonce": "2dbd10f1-8528-6246-09e7-82b25b8aba63",
  "keys": {
    "abcd1234": "..."
  }
}

» Delete Backup Key

This endpoint deletes the backup copy of PGP-encrypted unseal keys.

Method Path Produces
DELETE /sys/rekey/backup 204 (empty body)

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token" \
    --request DELETE \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/sys/rekey/backup

» Submit Key

This endpoint is used to enter a single master key share to progress the rekey of the Vault. If the threshold number of master key shares is reached, Vault will complete the rekey. Otherwise, this API must be called multiple times until that threshold is met. The rekey nonce operation must be provided with each call.

When the operation is complete, this will return a response like the example below; otherwise the response will be the same as the GET method against sys/rekey/init, providing status on the operation itself.

If verification was requested, successfully completing this flow will immediately put the operation into a verification state, and provide the nonce for the verification operation.

Method Path Produces
PUT /sys/rekey/update 200 application/json

» Parameters

  • key (string: <required>) – Specifies a single master share key.

  • nonce (string: <required>) – Specifies the nonce of the rekey operation.

» Sample Payload

{
  "key": "AB32...",
  "nonce": "abcd1234..."
}

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token" \
    --request PUT \
    --data @payload.json \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/sys/rekey/update

» Sample Response

{
  "complete": true,
  "keys": ["one", "two", "three"],
  "nonce": "2dbd10f1-8528-6246-09e7-82b25b8aba63",
  "pgp_fingerprints": ["abcd1234"],
  "keys_base64": ["base64keyvalue"],
  "backup": true,
  "verification_required": true,
  "verification_nonce": "8b112c9e-2738-929d-bcc2-19aff249ff10"
}

If the keys are PGP-encrypted, an array of key fingerprints will also be provided (with the order in which the keys were used for encryption) along with whether or not the keys were backed up to physical storage.

» Read Rekey Verification Progress

This endpoint reads the configuration and progress of the current rekey verification attempt.

Method Path Produces
GET /sys/rekey/verify 200 application/json

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/sys/rekey/verify

» Sample Response

{
  "nonce": "8b112c9e-2738-929d-bcc2-19aff249ff10",
  "t": 3,
  "n": 5,
  "progress": 1
}

n is the total number of new shares that were generated and t is the threshold required for the new shares to pass verification. progress is how many of the new unseal keys have been provided for this verification operation. The nonce for the current rekey operation is also displayed.

» Cancel Rekey Verification

This endpoint cancels any in-progress rekey verification operation. This clears any progress made and resets the nonce. Unlike a DELETE against sys/rekey/init, this only resets the current verification operation, not the entire rekey atttempt. The return value is the same as GET along with the new nonce.

Method Path Produces
DELETE /sys/rekey/verify 200 (empty body)

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token" \
    --request DELETE \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/sys/rekey/verify

» Sample Response

{
  "nonce": "5827bbc1-0110-5725-cc21-beddc129d942",
  "t": 3,
  "n": 5,
  "progress": 0
}

» Submit Verification Key

This endpoint is used to enter a single new key share to progress the rekey verification operation. If the threshold number of new key shares is reached, Vault will complete the rekey by performing the actual rotation of the master key. Otherwise, this API must be called multiple times until that threshold is met. The nonce must be provided with each call.

When the operation is complete, this will return a response like the example below; otherwise the response will be the same as the GET method against sys/rekey/verify, providing status on the operation itself.

Method Path Produces
PUT /sys/rekey/verify 200 application/json

» Parameters

  • key (string: <required>) – Specifies a single master share key from the new set of shares.

  • nonce (string: <required>) – Specifies the nonce of the rekey verification operation.

» Sample Payload

{
  "key": "A58d...",
  "nonce": "5a27bbc1..."
}

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token" \
    --request PUT \
    --data @payload.json \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/sys/rekey/verify

» Sample Response

{
  "nonce": "5827bbc1-0110-5725-cc21-beddc129d942",
  "complete": true
}