» Database Secrets Engine (API)

This is the API documentation for the Vault Database secrets engine. For general information about the usage and operation of the database secrets engine, please see the Vault database secrets engine documentation.

This documentation assumes the database secrets engine is enabled at the /database path in Vault. Since it is possible to enable secrets engines at any location, please update your API calls accordingly.

» Configure Connection

This endpoint configures the connection string used to communicate with the desired database. In addition to the parameters listed here, each Database plugin has additional, database plugin specific, parameters for this endpoint. Please read the HTTP API for the plugin you'd wish to configure to see the full list of additional parameters.

Method Path
POST /database/config/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name for this database connection. This is specified as part of the URL.

  • plugin_name (string: <required>) - Specifies the name of the plugin to use for this connection.

  • verify_connection (bool: true) – Specifies if the connection is verified during initial configuration. Defaults to true.

  • allowed_roles (list: []) - List of the roles allowed to use this connection. Defaults to empty (no roles), if contains a "*" any role can use this connection.

  • root_rotation_statements (list: []) - Specifies the database statements to be executed to rotate the root user's credentials. See the plugin's API page for more information on support and formatting for this parameter.

» Sample Payload

{
  "plugin_name": "mysql-database-plugin",
  "allowed_roles": "readonly",
  "connection_url": "{{username}}:{{password}}@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/",
  "username": "root",
  "password": "mysql"
}

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request POST \
    --data @payload.json \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/config/mysql

» Read Connection

This endpoint returns the configuration settings for a connection.

Method Path
GET /database/config/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the connection to read. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request GET \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/config/mysql

» Sample Response

{
    "data": {
        "allowed_roles": [
            "readonly"
        ],
        "connection_details": {
            "connection_url": "{{username}}:{{password}}@tcp(127.0.0.1:3306)/",
      "username": "root"
        },
        "plugin_name": "mysql-database-plugin"
    },
}

» List Connections

This endpoint returns a list of available connections. Only the connection names are returned, not any values.

Method Path
LIST /database/config

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request LIST \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/config

» Sample Response

{
  "data": {
    "keys": ["db-one", "db-two"]
  }
}

» Delete Connection

This endpoint deletes a connection.

Method Path
DELETE /database/config/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the connection to delete. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request DELETE \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/config/mysql

» Reset Connection

This endpoint closes a connection and it's underlying plugin and restarts it with the configuration stored in the barrier.

Method Path
POST /database/reset/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the connection to reset. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request POST \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/reset/mysql

» Rotate Root Credentials

This endpoint is used to rotate the root superuser credentials stored for the database connection. This user must have permissions to update its own password.

Method Path
POST /database/rotate-root/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the connection to rotate. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request POST \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/rotate-root/mysql

» Create Role

This endpoint creates or updates a role definition.

Method Path
POST /database/roles/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the role to create. This is specified as part of the URL.

  • db_name (string: <required>) - The name of the database connection to use for this role.

  • default_ttl (string/int: 0) - Specifies the TTL for the leases associated with this role. Accepts time suffixed strings ("1h") or an integer number of seconds. Defaults to system/engine default TTL time.

  • max_ttl (string/int: 0) - Specifies the maximum TTL for the leases associated with this role. Accepts time suffixed strings ("1h") or an integer number of seconds. Defaults to system/mount default TTL time; this value is allowed to be less than the mount max TTL (or, if not set, the system max TTL), but it is not allowed to be longer. See also The TTL General Case.

  • creation_statements (list: <required>) – Specifies the database statements executed to create and configure a user. See the plugin's API page for more information on support and formatting for this parameter.

  • revocation_statements (list: []) – Specifies the database statements to be executed to revoke a user. See the plugin's API page for more information on support and formatting for this parameter.

  • rollback_statements (list: []) – Specifies the database statements to be executed rollback a create operation in the event of an error. Not every plugin type will support this functionality. See the plugin's API page for more information on support and formatting for this parameter.

  • renew_statements (list: []) – Specifies the database statements to be executed to renew a user. Not every plugin type will support this functionality. See the plugin's API page for more information on support and formatting for this parameter.

» Sample Payload

{
    "db_name": "mysql",
    "creation_statements": ["CREATE USER '{{name}}'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY '{{password}}'", "GRANT SELECT ON *.* TO '{{name}}'@'%'"],
    "default_ttl": "1h",
    "max_ttl": "24h"
}

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request POST \
    --data @payload.json \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/roles/my-role

» Read Role

This endpoint queries the role definition.

Method Path
GET /database/roles/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the role to read. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/roles/my-role

» Sample Response

{
    "data": {
        "creation_statements": ["CREATE ROLE \"{{name}}\" WITH LOGIN PASSWORD '{{password}}' VALID UNTIL '{{expiration}}';"], "GRANT SELECT ON ALL TABLES IN SCHEMA public TO \"{{name}}\";"],
        "db_name": "mysql",
        "default_ttl": 3600,
        "max_ttl": 86400,
        "renew_statements": [],
        "revocation_statements": [],
        "rollback_statements": []
    },
}

» List Roles

This endpoint returns a list of available roles. Only the role names are returned, not any values.

Method Path
LIST /database/roles

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request LIST \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/roles

» Sample Response

{
  "auth": null,
  "data": {
    "keys": ["dev", "prod"]
  },
  "lease_duration": 2764800,
  "lease_id": "",
  "renewable": false
}

» Delete Role

This endpoint deletes the role definition.

Method Path
DELETE /database/roles/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the role to delete. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request DELETE \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/roles/my-role

» Generate Credentials

This endpoint generates a new set of dynamic credentials based on the named role.

Method Path
GET /database/creds/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the role to create credentials against. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/creds/my-role

» Sample Response

{
  "data": {
    "username": "root-1430158508-126",
    "password": "132ae3ef-5a64-7499-351e-bfe59f3a2a21"
  }
}

» Create Static Role

This endpoint creates or updates a static role definition. Static Roles are a 1-to-1 mapping of a Vault Role to a user in a database which are automatically rotated based on the configured rotation_period. Not all databases support Static Roles, please see the database-specific documentation.

Method Path
POST /database/static-roles/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the role to create. This is specified as part of the URL.

  • username (string: <required>) – Specifies the database username that this Vault role corresponds to.

  • rotation_period (string/int: <required>) – Specifies the amount of time Vault should wait before rotating the password. The minimum is 5 seconds.

  • db_name (string: <required>) - The name of the database connection to use for this role.

  • rotation_statements (list: []) – Specifies the database statements to be executed to rotate the password for the configured database user. Not every plugin type will support this functionality. See the plugin's API page for more information on support and formatting for this parameter.

» Sample Payload

{
    "db_name": "mysql",
    "username": "static-database-user",
    "rotation_statements": ["ALTER USER "{{name}}" WITH PASSWORD '{{password}}';"],
    "rotation_period": "1h"
}

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request POST \
    --data @payload.json \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/static-roles/my-static-role

» Read Static Role

This endpoint queries the static role definition.

Method Path
GET /database/static-roles/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the static role to read. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/static-roles/my-static-role

» Sample Response

{
    "data": {
        "db_name": "mysql",
    "username":"static-user",
    "rotation_statements": ["ALTER USER "{{name}}" WITH PASSWORD '{{password}}';"],
    "rotation_period":"1h",
    },
}

» List Static Roles

This endpoint returns a list of available static roles. Only the role names are returned, not any values.

Method Path
LIST /database/static-roles

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request LIST \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/static-roles

» Sample Response

{
  "auth": null,
  "data": {
    "keys": ["dev-static", "prod-static"]
  }
}

» Delete Static Role

This endpoint deletes the static role definition and revokes the database user.

Method Path
DELETE /database/static-roles/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the static role to delete. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request DELETE \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/static-roles/my-role

» Get Static Credentials

This endpoint returns the current credentials based on the named static role.

Method Path
GET /database/static-creds/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the static role to get credentials for. This is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/static-creds/my-static-role

» Sample Response

{
  "data": {
    "username": "static-user",
    "password": "132ae3ef-5a64-7499-351e-bfe59f3a2a21"
    "last_vault_rotation": "2019-05-06T15:26:42.525302-05:00",
    "rotation_period": 30,
    "ttl": 28,
  }
}

» Rotate Static Role Credentials

This endpoint is used to rotate the Static Role credentials stored for a given role name. While Static Roles are rotated automatically by Vault at configured rotation periods, users can use this endpoint to manually trigger a rotation to change the stored password and reset the TTL of the Static Role's password.

Method Path
POST /database/rotate-role/:name

» Parameters

  • name (string: <required>) – Specifies the name of the Static Role to trigger the password rotation for. The name is specified as part of the URL.

» Sample Request

$ curl \
    --header "X-Vault-Token: ..." \
    --request POST \
    http://127.0.0.1:8200/v1/database/rotate-role/my-static-role